Home Nursing Questions & Answers PROFESSIONAL VALUES AND BEHAVIOUR NURSING...

PROFESSIONAL VALUES AND BEHAVIOUR NURSING QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

264
0

  1. What is the definition of professional values in nursing?

a) Personal beliefs and attitudes

b) Ethical principles

c) Codes of conduct

d) Standards of care

Correct Answer: b) Ethical principles

Rationale: Professional values in nursing are based on ethical principles that guide the nurse’s behaviour and decision-making.

2. Which professional value is reflected in maintaining patient confidentiality?

a) Integrity

b) Compassion

c) Collaboration

d) Advocacy

Correct Answer: a) Integrity

Rationale: Maintaining patient confidentiality demonstrates integrity, which is a core professional value in nursing.

3. What is the primary purpose of the nursing code of ethics?

a) Protect patients from harm

b) Promote professional growth

c) Ensure legal compliance

d) Maintain professional standards

Correct Answer: d) Maintain professional standards

Rationale: The nursing code of ethics outlines the professional standards and behaviours expected of nurses to maintain the integrity of the profession.

4. Which of the following is an example of professional behaviour in nursing?

a) Gossiping about colleagues

b) Sharing patient information on social media

c) Respecting patient autonomy

d) Disregarding infection control protocols

Correct Answer: c) Respecting patient autonomy

Rationale: Respecting patient autonomy is a professional behaviour that upholds patient rights and promotes patient-centered care.

5. What does it mean to demonstrate accountability in nursing practice?

a) Taking responsibility for one’s actions

b) Following physician’s orders without question

c) Prioritizing personal preferences over patient needs

d) Ignoring feedback from colleagues

Correct Answer: a) Taking responsibility for one’s actions

Rationale: Accountability in nursing means taking ownership of one’s actions and being answerable for the outcomes of care provided.

6. Which professional value is essential for effective interdisciplinary collaboration?

a) Respect

b) Compassion

c) Excellence

d) Advocacy

Correct Answer: a) Respect

Rationale: Respect is crucial for effective interdisciplinary collaboration as it fosters teamwork, communication, and mutual understanding among healthcare professionals.

7. What is the role of a nurse as an advocate for patients?

a) Making decisions on behalf of patients

b) Promoting patient rights and preferences

c) Controlling the flow of information to patients

d) Discouraging patient involvement in care decisions

Correct Answer: b) Promoting patient rights and preferences

Rationale: Nurses advocate for patients by ensuring their rights are protected, promoting their preferences, and empowering them to make informed decisions.

8. How does a nurse demonstrate cultural competence?

a) Assuming all patients have the same beliefs and values

b) Avoiding interactions with culturally diverse patients

c) Recognizing and respecting cultural differences

d) Imposing personal beliefs on patients

Correct Answer: c) Recognizing and respecting cultural differences Rationale: Cultural competence in nursing involves recognizing and respecting the cultural differences of patients to provide culturally sensitive care.

9. Which of the following is an example of a nurse demonstrating empathy? a) Being judgmental towards a patient’s lifestyle choices

b) Ignoring a patient’s emotional needs

c) Actively listening and validating a patient’s feelings

d) Prioritizing personal comfort over patient care

Correct Answer: c) Actively listening and validating a patient’s feelings Rationale: Demonstrating empathy involves actively listening, understanding, and validating a patient’s feelings to provide emotional support.

10. How does a nurse promote professional growth and development?

a) Avoiding continuing education opportunities

b) Isolating oneself from colleagues

c) Seeking mentorship and learning opportunities

d) Resisting change and innovation

Correct Answer: c) Seeking mentorship and learning opportunities Rationale: Nurses promote professional growth by actively seeking mentorship, engaging in lifelong learning, and embracing new knowledge and skills.

11. What is the purpose of nursing peer review?

a) Evaluating the performance of nursing students

b) Identifying areas of improvement in nursing practice

c) Assigning blame for adverse events

d) Promoting competition among nurses

Correct Answer: b) Identifying areas of improvement in nursing practice Rationale: Nursing peer review aims to identify areas for improvement in nursing practice and enhance the quality of care provided.

12. What is the primary ethical principle guiding nursing practice?

a) Autonomy

b) Beneficence

c) Non-maleficence

d) Justice

Correct answer: a) Autonomy

Rationale: Autonomy is the principle that upholds an individual’s right to make decisions about their own healthcare. Nurses should respect patient autonomy and support their informed decision-making.

13. Which of the following behaviours demonstrates professionalism in nursing?

a) Gossiping about patients

b) Honesty and integrity

c) Disrespecting colleagues

d) Avoiding accountability

Correct answer: b) Honesty and integrity

Rationale: Honesty and integrity are essential qualities for a professional nurse. These values promote trust and maintain the professional reputation of the nursing profession.

14. What is the appropriate action when faced with an ethical dilemma in nursing?

a) Ignore the dilemma and continue with the task

b) Consult with colleagues and supervisors

c) Make a decision based on personal values

d) Act without considering the consequences

Correct answer: b) Consult with colleagues and supervisors

Rationale: Ethical dilemmas often require collaboration and input from multiple perspectives. Consulting with colleagues and supervisors can help identify alternative solutions and reach a consensus.

15. Which of the following is an example of professional boundary violation in nursing?

a) Sharing personal experiences to build rapport with patients

b) Maintaining professional distance with patients

c) Keeping personal information confidential

d) Accepting gifts from patients

Correct answer: a) Sharing personal experiences to build rapport with patients

Rationale: Sharing personal experiences can blur professional boundaries and compromise the nurse-patient relationship. Nurses should maintain appropriate professional boundaries to ensure patient-centered care.

16. How can nurses demonstrate cultural competence in their practice?

a) Assuming all patients have similar beliefs and values

b) Using standardized care plans for all patients

c) Recognizing and respecting diverse cultural practices

d) Promoting one’s own cultural beliefs over others

Correct answer: c) Recognizing and respecting diverse cultural practices Rationale: Cultural competence involves acknowledging and respecting the diverse beliefs, values, and practices of patients. Nurses should provide culturally sensitive care to meet the unique needs of individuals.

17. What is the purpose of professional nursing organizations?

a) Provide financial assistance to nurses

b) Advocate for the rights of patients

c) Promote professional growth and development

d) Regulate nursing licensure

Correct answer: c) Promote professional growth and development Rationale: Professional nursing organizations offer resources, support, and opportunities for continuing education, networking, and career advancement. They play a crucial role in enhancing nursing practice.

18. Which of the following behaviours demonstrates accountability in nursing?

a) Blaming others for mistakes

b) Reporting errors promptly

c) Withholding information from colleagues

d) Avoiding participation in quality improvement initiatives

Correct answer: b) Reporting errors promptly

Rationale: Accountability involves taking responsibility for one’s actions and reporting errors or near-misses promptly. It contributes to patient safety and quality improvement in healthcare settings.

19. What is the role of the nurse in maintaining patient confidentiality?

a) Share patient information with family members upon request

b) Access patient records out of personal curiosity

c) Store patient information in an unsecured location

d) Adhere to strict confidentiality guidelines

Correct answer: d) Adhere to strict confidentiality guidelines

Rationale: Nurses have a legal and ethical obligation to maintain patient confidentiality. They should protect patient information from unauthorized access or disclosure, ensuring privacy and trust.

20. How can nurses promote a culture of safety in healthcare settings?

a) Disregarding safety protocols for the sake of efficiency

b) Encouraging open communication about safety concerns

c) Blaming individuals for errors without addressing system issues

d) Ignoring safety incidents and near-misses

Correct answer: b) Encouraging open communication about safety concerns

Rationale: Nurses play a crucial role in promoting a culture of safety. Encouraging open communication about safety concerns allows for identification and resolution of potential risks and errors.

21. What is the purpose of the Nursing Code of Ethics?

a) Outline the legal requirements for nursing practice

b) Define the scope of nursing practice

c) Establish professional standards and values

d) Determine nursing education requirements

Correct answer: c) Establish professional standards and values

Rationale: The Nursing Code of Ethics provides guidelines for ethical nursing practice, outlining the profession’s values, obligations, and responsibilities. It serves as a framework for ethical decision-making.

22. What is the core value that guides a nurse’s professional behaviour?

A) Respect for autonomy

B) Compassion

C) Integrity

D) Excellence

Correct Answer: C) Integrity

Rationale: Integrity is an essential professional value for nurses as it involves honesty, ethical behaviour, and adherence to professional standards. It includes being accountable for one’s actions and promoting trust with patients and colleagues.

23. Which of the following is an example of a nurse demonstrating empathy?

A) Ensuring patient privacy

B) Providing pain medication on time

C) Offering emotional support to a grieving patient

D) Accurately documenting patient information

Correct Answer: C) Offering emotional support to a grieving patient

Rationale: Empathy involves understanding and sharing the feelings of others. Providing emotional support to a grieving patient shows empathy and helps establish a therapeutic nurse-patient relationship.

24: What is the role of a nurse in maintaining patient confidentiality?

A) Disclosing patient information to family members upon request

B) Sharing patient information during handoffs with other healthcare providers

C) Protecting patient information from unauthorized access or disclosure

D) Documenting patient information in a clear and legible manner

Correct Answer: C) Protecting patient information from unauthorized access or disclosure

Rationale: Maintaining patient confidentiality is crucial to protect patients’ privacy and build trust. Nurses should safeguard patient information from unauthorized individuals or entities.

25 Which of the following is an example of a nurse demonstrating cultural competence?

A) Refusing to provide care for patients from a different cultural background

B) Adhering strictly to one’s own cultural practices while providing care

C) Respecting and accommodating diverse cultural beliefs and practices

D) Avoiding interactions with patients from diverse cultural backgrounds

Correct Answer: C) Respecting and accommodating diverse cultural beliefs and practices

Rationale: Cultural competence involves respecting and valuing the cultural beliefs, practices, and preferences of patients. Nurses should provide culturally appropriate care that aligns with the patients’ cultural backgrounds.

26. Why is ethical decision-making important in nursing practice?

A) To ensure compliance with legal regulations

B) To promote patient safety and well-being

C) To establish professional authority

D) To achieve personal career advancement

Correct Answer: B) To promote patient safety and well-being

Rationale: Ethical decision-making in nursing practice is essential to ensure patient safety, well-being, and the provision of high-quality care. It involves making choices that align with ethical principles and standards.

27. Which of the following behaviours demonstrates professionalism in nursing?

A) Being consistently late for shifts

B) Communicating effectively with the healthcare team

C) Ignoring feedback from supervisors

D) Engaging in conflicts with colleagues

Correct Answer: B) Communicating effectively with the healthcare team

Rationale: Effective communication is a fundamental aspect of nursing professionalism. It promotes teamwork, collaboration, and the delivery of safe and quality care.

28. Why is it important for nurses to maintain professional boundaries with patients?

A) To establish personal friendships with patients

B) To avoid emotional involvement in patient care

C) To minimize liability and legal risks

D) To maintain a professional image

Correct Answer: C) To minimize liability and legal risks

Rationale: Maintaining professional boundaries is crucial in nursing to protect patients and minimize liability risks. It ensures that the nurse-patient relationship remains therapeutic and avoids potential ethical or legal issues.

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here